Thursday, January 15, 2009

Lesson 41: Participial Phrase


Review: You have learned that A PHRASE is a group of related words used as a single part of speech. A Phrase lacks a subject, a predicate or both. Consequently, a phrase cannot be a sentence. Now, you will learn the third kind of phrase: A Participial Phrase.

A PARTICIPIAL PHRASE is consists of its modifiers and complements. The entire participial phrase functions as an adjective to modify a noun or a pronoun.

  • Creating the noise, the children teased their classmates.
  • The girl, bitten by the dog, cried for help.
  • Suddenly remembering his long examination in the afternoon, Tom ran to his room and studied.
  • Built with the sweat and blood of our people, the churches withstood the test of time.


An ABSOLUTE PHRASE is a special kind of participial phrase in that it does not have any grammatical relation with the rest of the sentence.

  • The rain having stopped, we continued our journey.
  • The music being played, the girls started to sing.


~end of lesson~

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