Review: You have learned that A PHRASE is a group of related words used as a single part of speech. A Phrase lacks a subject, a predicate or both. Consequently, a phrase cannot be a sentence. Now, you will learn the third kind of phrase: A Participial Phrase.
A PARTICIPIAL PHRASE is consists of its modifiers and complements. The entire participial phrase functions as an adjective to modify a noun or a pronoun.
- Creating the noise, the children teased their classmates.
- The girl, bitten by the dog, cried for help.
- Suddenly remembering his long examination in the afternoon, Tom ran to his room and studied.
- Built with the sweat and blood of our people, the churches withstood the test of time.
An ABSOLUTE PHRASE is a special kind of participial phrase in that it does not have any grammatical relation with the rest of the sentence.
- The rain having stopped, we continued our journey.
- The music being played, the girls started to sing.
~end of lesson~