Wednesday, January 14, 2009

Lesson 2: Recognizing Nouns


1. A NOUN is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea.

  • persons - family, Mr. Lee, brother, teacher, friend
  • places - cities, country, Manila, New York, La Paz
  • things - baseball, air, sand, flower, ice
  • ideas - honor, gratitude, leadership, friendliness, faith



2. COMMON NOUN - name applied to any one of a class of persons, places, or things.

  • The MAN walked down the STREET.

3. PROPER NOUN - name of a particular person, place, or thing. It should begin with a capital letter.

  • Manhattan
  • Jane
  • Levis

4. COMPOUND NOUN - two or more words used as a single noun. Some are written as separate words; some are hyphenated; some solid. (Note: The only safe guide in treating compounds is the dictionary).

  • Pilgrim's Progress
  • horseshoe
  • make-up
  • fountain pen
  • newspaper

5. COLLECTIVE NOUN - names a group and is singular in form.

  • audience
  • class
  • herd
  • team
  • family
  • school of fish

6. ABSTRACT NOUN - names a quality, not a substance.

  • We like HONESTY and COURTESY.

7. A noun which names a substance is called CONCRETE NOUN.

  • A ROSE is on the DESK.



Identify all the nouns in the following paragraph.

Getting To Know the Parts of Speech

One of the first steps in mastering written English is to learn some essential facts about the words which make up the average vocabulary of an English-speaking person. The English dictionary contains half a million words. Any student would be overwhelmed by the prospect of mastering all of them. Such a task would be not only impossible but useless since the average speaker uses only a few thousand words in his daily speech and writing. Even a few thousand words is a large number if you must study each one individually. For the sake of convenience, words are classified or divided into eight groups or parts which are called the parts of speech.


~end of lesson~

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