REVIEW: You have learned that VERBALS are forms of verbs that function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Although verbals can function as other parts of speech, they retain some of the properties of verbs. When a modifier or complement is used with a verbal, a VERBAL PHRASE is formed. Now you will learn the second kind of verbals.
A GERUND is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions only as a noun. Although it performs the same function as a noun, a gerund has some properties of a verb.
A Gerund ca be used as:
- Playing preoccupies children's time.
- Swimming is the best form of exercise.
- We enjoyed boating.
- I dislike her constant arguing with me.
- One of father's hobbies is gardening.
- Her favorite past time is painting.
- He considers reading a habit.
- Mother gave crocheting a try.
- My task, proofreading, interests me.
- Her assignment, editing, improved her skills.
Object of the Preposition:
- I insist on my brother's continuing his studies.
- We support Nora's idea of reviewing before taking the board examination.
*Do not confuse gerunds with participles. Remember that a participle can function as an adjective, but a gerund always functions as a noun.
Participle: Have you seen my walking doll?
Gerund: Walking is an exercise.
~end of lesson~