Thursday, January 15, 2009

Lesson 42: Recognizing a Gerund - a Review

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REVIEW:
You have learned that VERBALS are forms of verbs that function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Although verbals can function as other parts of speech, they retain some of the properties of verbs. When a modifier or complement is used with a verbal, a VERBAL PHRASE is formed. Now you will learn the second kind of verbals.

GERUND

A GERUND is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions only as a noun. Although it performs the same function as a noun, a gerund has some properties of a verb.

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A Gerund ca be used as:

Subject:

  • Playing preoccupies children's time.
  • Swimming is the best form of exercise.

Direct Object:

  • We enjoyed boating.
  • I dislike her constant arguing with me.

Predicate Nominative:

  • One of father's hobbies is gardening.
  • Her favorite past time is painting.

Indirect Object:

  • He considers reading a habit.
  • Mother gave crocheting a try.

Appositive:

  • My task, proofreading, interests me.
  • Her assignment, editing, improved her skills.

Object of the Preposition:

  • I insist on my brother's continuing his studies.
  • We support Nora's idea of reviewing before taking the board examination.


*Do not confuse gerunds with participles. Remember that a participle can function as an adjective, but a gerund always functions as a noun.


Participle: Have you seen my walking doll?

Gerund: Walking is an exercise.




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~end of lesson~

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