Thursday, January 15, 2009

Lesson 57: Combining Sentences


To create a Compound Sentence, two or more clauses may be combined with a coordinating conjunction (such as and or but) or a pair of correlative conjunctions (such as either/or or neither/nor)

  • Linda belongs to several clubs, but she hates attending meetings.
  • Either she stands in that long line or she won't accomplish anything at all.


Complex Sentences may be created when independent clauses are combined with a subordinating conjunction (such as although or because), or when two clauses are linked by a relative pronoun (such as which, or who).

*clauses that contain subordinating conjunctions or relative pronouns are dependent clauses and can no longer stand on their own as simple sentences.

  • The construction company went bankrupt because its top executives were engaged in widespread corruption.
  • He was described as a lively student who learns easily.


Clauses can also be combined to produce Compound-Complex Sentences (that is, compound sentences that contain dependent clauses).

  • Even though fast food centers are expensive, they serve good quality food, and the public just loves going there. (This sentence is composed of 3 dependent clauses).



Complete each of the following complex sentences by adding a clause. Pay close attention to the tense of the verb.

Example: I wonder if I will ever find a good reference for this topic.

  1. Before I wrote, I had decided that _________________.
  2. I would be more satisfied if ______________________.
  3. After _____________, I must begin to work with more concentration.


~end of lesson~

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