Review: You've learned that a Clause is a group of words which contains a subject and a predicate. It is usually considered a part of a sentence; but when it is capable of standing alone, it is equivalent to a simple sentence. Now you will learn the 3rd kind of clause which is actually a subtype of dependent clause: the Noun Clause. Therefore, a noun clause cannot stand on its own and is not considered a simple sentence.
A DEPENDENT CLAUSE may be used as a noun, such that it is called a Noun Clause. The Noun Clause may be used in a variety of ways.
a.) Noun clause used as a subject of the sentence.
- THAT YOU TRY is commendable.
- WHAT TO ASK was the big problem.
b.) Noun clause used as a direct object.
- Justin said THAT HE TRIED.
- I announced THAT HE GOT THE TOP RANK IN CLASS.
c.) Noun clause used as object of the preposition.
- We talked about WHAT WE WOULD DO.
- The panel agreed on WHOM TO SEND TO THE CONFERENCE.
d.) Noun clause used as predicate nominative/subjective complement.
- The fact is THAT HE WON THE FIRST PRIZE.
- The trouble was THAT THE LEFT THE PARTY.
e.) Noun clause used as an appositive to the subject.
- The fact THAT HE WON is correct.
- The reason WHY I AM HERE is apparent.
f.) Noun clause used as an appositive to the object of the verb.
- You hardly explained the fact THAT HE WON DESPITE ALL ODDS.
- Nena does not know the reason WHY WE LAUGHED.
~end of lesson~