Review: You have learned that A PHRASE is a group of related words used as a single part of speech. A phrase lacks a subject, a predicate or both. Consequently, a phrase cannot be a sentence. Now, you will learn the fourth kind of phrase: A Gerund Phrase.
A GERUND PHRASE is consists of a Gerund and its modifiers and complements used as a noun. A gerund phrase may perform all the functions of a noun such as:
- Coordinating with other members of the team requires patience.
- Her mother's constant nagging irritates her father.
a Predicate Nominative:
- My child's job was dusting the furniture.
- My only refuge is asking the Lord for forgiveness.
a Direct Object:
- The committee rejected raising funds.
- I always hate saying goodbye.
- Her hobby, reading novels everyday, seems incredible.
- The job order, covering and bookbinding, was finished in one week.
an Object of the Preposition:
- He is admired for giving importance to the education of the children.
- We should decipher the meaning by reading between the lines.
~end of lesson~