Thursday, January 15, 2009

Lesson 43: Gerund Phrase

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Review: You have learned that A PHRASE is a group of related words used as a single part of speech. A phrase lacks a subject, a predicate or both. Consequently, a phrase cannot be a sentence. Now, you will learn the fourth kind of phrase: A Gerund Phrase.



A GERUND PHRASE is consists of a Gerund and its modifiers and complements used as a noun. A gerund phrase may perform all the functions of a noun such as:


a Subject:

  • Coordinating with other members of the team requires patience.
  • Her mother's constant nagging irritates her father.



a Predicate Nominative:

  • My child's job was dusting the furniture.
  • My only refuge is asking the Lord for forgiveness.



a Direct Object:

  • The committee rejected raising funds.
  • I always hate saying goodbye.



an Appositive:

  • Her hobby, reading novels everyday, seems incredible.
  • The job order, covering and bookbinding, was finished in one week.



an Object of the Preposition:

  • He is admired for giving importance to the education of the children.
  • We should decipher the meaning by reading between the lines.




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~end of lesson~

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