A CLAUSE is a group of words which contains a subject and a predicate. It is usually considered a part of a sentence; but when it is capable of standing alone, it is equivalent to a simple sentence.
It has 5 types:
- Independent Clause - also called as principal clause or main clause
- Dependent Clause - also called as subordinate clause
- Noun Clause - a subtype of Dependent clause
- Adjective Clause - a subtype of Dependent clause
- Adverb Clause - a subtype of Dependent clause
A PHRASE on the other hand as you previously learned, it lacks a subject or a predicate or both. Therefore it cannot stand on its own and it cannot be considered as a simple sentence.
In simple terms:
- has a subject and a predicate.
- has a subject but lacks a predicate.
- lacks a subject but has a predicate.
- lacks both a subject and a predicate.
~end of lesson~