Thursday, January 15, 2009

Lesson 46: Clause vs Phrase

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A CLAUSE is a group of words which contains a subject and a predicate. It is usually considered a part of a sentence; but when it is capable of standing alone, it is equivalent to a simple sentence.


It has 5 types:


  • Independent Clause - also called as principal clause or main clause
  • Dependent Clause - also called as subordinate clause
  • Noun Clause - a subtype of Dependent clause
  • Adjective Clause - a subtype of Dependent clause
  • Adverb Clause - a subtype of Dependent clause


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A PHRASE on the other hand as you previously learned, it lacks a subject or a predicate or both. Therefore it cannot stand on its own and it cannot be considered as a simple sentence.


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In simple terms:

CLAUSE
- has a subject and a predicate.


PHRASE
- has a subject but lacks a predicate.
- lacks a subject but has a predicate.
- lacks both a subject and a predicate.



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~end of lesson~

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