Review: You've learned that a Clause is a group of words which contains a subject and a predicate. It is usually considered a part of a sentence; but when it is capable of standing alone, it is equivalent to a simple sentence.
Now you will learn the 4th kind of clause which is actually another subtype of dependent clause: the Adjective Clause. Therefore, an adjective clause cannot stand on its own and is not considered a simple sentence.
A dependent clause that modifies a noun or a pronoun is called an Adjective Clause.
Adjective Clauses are introduced by RELATIVE PRONOUNS:
A relative pronoun serves two purposes:
1.) It introduces the clause.
2.) It serves a grammatical function within the clause.
- You are the only WHO can help us. (WHO is the subject of CAN HELP.)
- He is the boy to WHOM the scholarship was granted. (WHOM is the object of the preposition TO.)
- A man of integrity is a person WHOSE conduct should be above reproach. (WHOSE modifies the noun CONDUCT.)
- There is the artifact THAT I like. (THAT is the direct object of LIKE.)
More Examples :
- The shoes which you like so much have been on sale.
- All things come to those who are patient.
- Justin is looking forward to receiving a call which will bring him the news.
- Did you recognize the man who gave you this paper earlier?
- The score that Frank got was different from mine.
~end of lesson~