Thursday, January 15, 2009

Lesson 49: Adjective Clause

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Review: You've learned that a Clause is a group of words which contains a subject and a predicate. It is usually considered a part of a sentence; but when it is capable of standing alone, it is equivalent to a simple sentence.

Now you will learn the 4th kind of clause which is actually another subtype of dependent clause: the Adjective Clause. Therefore, an adjective clause cannot stand on its own and is not considered a simple sentence.


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A dependent clause that modifies a noun or a pronoun is called an Adjective Clause.


Adjective Clauses are introduced by RELATIVE PRONOUNS:

  • Who
  • Whom
  • Which
  • That
  • Whose

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A relative pronoun serves two purposes:

1.) It introduces the clause.
2.) It serves a grammatical function within the clause.

  • You are the only WHO can help us. (WHO is the subject of CAN HELP.)
  • He is the boy to WHOM the scholarship was granted. (WHOM is the object of the preposition TO.)
  • A man of integrity is a person WHOSE conduct should be above reproach. (WHOSE modifies the noun CONDUCT.)
  • There is the artifact THAT I like. (THAT is the direct object of LIKE.)

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More Examples :

  • The shoes which you like so much have been on sale.
  • All things come to those who are patient.
  • Justin is looking forward to receiving a call which will bring him the news.
  • Did you recognize the man who gave you this paper earlier?
  • The score that Frank got was different from mine.

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~end of lesson~

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