A PHRASE is a group of related words used as a single part of speech. A phrase lacks a subject, a predicate or both. Consequently, a phrase cannot be a sentence.
Kinds of Phrases:
1. Prepositional Phrase
2. Appositive Phrase
3. Participial Phrase
4. Gerund Phrase
5. Infinitive Phrase
A PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE is consists of a preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object. In most prepositional phrases, the preposition precedes the object.
USES OF PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
1. A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective.
Where it modifies a noun:
- That man with grey hair is my grandfather.
- The girl in red is my cousin.
Or it modifies a pronoun:
- Justin is someone with humorous personality.
- The victims are they from the Alpha Company.
2. A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb.
Where it modifies a verb:
- She is in the room.
- The wallet was with him.
Or it modifies an adjective:
- The girl feels comfortable with her new dress.
- She is skillfull with the new typewriter.
Or it modifies an adverb:
- We should drive early in the morning.
- She stays outside during an argument.
3. A prepositional phrase may be used as a noun.
Where it acts as a subject:
- After studying is the best time to relax.
Or it acts as an object of the preposition:
- We advanced to within a few steps from the commotion.
Or it acts as a predicate nominative:
- The best time to nap is after lunch.
**Review: What is a predicate nominative? - A predicate nominative is a noun or pronoun which follows the verb and describes or renames the subject. It is another way of naming the subject. It follows a linking verb.
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