Thursday, January 15, 2009

Lesson 38: Prepositional Phrase

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A PHRASE is a group of related words used as a single part of speech. A phrase lacks a subject, a predicate or both. Consequently, a phrase cannot be a sentence.


Kinds of Phrases:

1. Prepositional Phrase
2. Appositive Phrase
3. Participial Phrase
4. Gerund Phrase
5. Infinitive Phrase


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A PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE is consists of a preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object. In most prepositional phrases, the preposition precedes the object.


USES OF PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES

1. A prepositional phrase may be used as an adjective.


Where it modifies a noun:

  • That man with grey hair is my grandfather.
  • The girl in red is my cousin.



Or it modifies a pronoun:

  • Justin is someone with humorous personality.
  • The victims are they from the Alpha Company.



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2. A prepositional phrase may be used as an adverb.


Where it modifies a verb:

  • She is in the room.
  • The wallet was with him.



Or it modifies an adjective:

  • The girl feels comfortable with her new dress.
  • She is skillfull with the new typewriter.



Or it modifies an adverb:

  • We should drive early in the morning.
  • She stays outside during an argument.




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3. A prepositional phrase may be used as a noun.


Where it acts as a subject:

  • After studying is the best time to relax.



Or it acts as an object of the preposition:

  • We advanced to within a few steps from the commotion.



Or it acts as a predicate nominative:

  • The best time to nap is after lunch.

**Review: What is a predicate nominative? - A predicate nominative is a noun or pronoun which follows the verb and describes or renames the subject. It is another way of naming the subject. It follows a linking verb.





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~end of lesson~

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