Wednesday, January 21, 2009

Lesson 16: The Present Perfect Tense


The present perfect tense follows this Pattern:
  • HAS/HAVE + past participle form of the verb
  • HAS/HAVE + been + Verb + -ing

> Regular Verbs have the same form in the past tense and in the past participle tense. While as said earlier, there are at least 80 irregular English verbs and they have different forms in the past tense and in the past participle tense. See the difference in the table below.

Therefore, be careful when you are using the past participle form of an irregular verb. See Lesson 19 to see the list of 93 irregular verbs in their past tense and past participle form. Its just a matter of familiarization and practice! : )


The Present Perfect Tense is used to tell:

1.) An action that has just been completed.

has/have + past participle form of the verb

  • We have just read his letter.
  • He has eaten the cake already.
  • We have taken the test already.
  • I have just stopped from smoking.

2.) An action that began in the past and continues to the present.

has/have + been + verb +

  • We have been swimming for an hour.
  • He has been studying since 8AM.
  • We have been living here for 5 years.
  • Mr. Smith has been living here since 2000.



Change the following sentences using the present perfect tense of the verb.


She is a teacher. ------> She has been teaching in our school for 10 years already.

1.) My friend works in the library. ------> _______________.

2.) She is my friend. ------> _______________.

3.) We are classmates. ------> _______________.

4.) My cousins live with me. ------> _______________.

5.) My daughter works in the hospital. ------> _______________.


~end of lesson~

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