Wednesday, January 14, 2009

Lesson 6: Recognizing Prepositions

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1. A PREPOSITION is a word that shows how a noun or a pronoun is related to some other words in the sentence.

  • Ruel sat ON the beautifully carved divan.
  • Ruel lay BESIDE the cabinet.
  • Ruel climbed INTO a barrel.
  • Ruel crawled THROUGH the tunnel.

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FREQUENTLY USED PREPOSITIONS

  • aboard
  • about
  • above
  • across
  • after
  • against
  • along
  • amid
  • among
  • around
  • at
  • before
  • behind
  • below
  • beneath
  • beside
  • between
  • beyond
  • but
  • by
  • down
  • during
  • except
  • for
  • from
  • in
  • into
  • like
  • near
  • of
  • off
  • on
  • over
  • past
  • since
  • through
  • throughout
  • to
  • toward
  • under
  • underneath
  • until
  • unto
  • up
  • upon
  • with
  • within
  • without

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COMPOUND PREPOSITIONS

  • according to
  • as for
  • because of
  • by way of
  • except for
  • in front of
  • in spite of
  • instead of
  • on account of
  • out of
  • regardless
  • with regard to
Note: Some prepositions are compound. They consist of more than one word but should be taken as one.


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2. A PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE is consists of a preposition, its noun or pronoun object, and any modifiers of the object.

  • The sun sparked ON THE EMERALD WATERS.

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3. The Object of the Preposition is the noun or pronoun that completes the prepositional phrase. A preposition must always have an object.

  • The board bolted through the WOODS. ('Woods' is the object of the preposition 'through')

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4. A preposition may have a COMPOUND OBJECT.

  • We received a telegram from TITO GERRY and TITA NIEVA.


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Exercise:


Identify all the prepositions in the following sentences.


1.) The earth was without form, and darkness was upon the face of the deep.

2.) He escaped out of their land and went away again beyond the horizon.

3.) Two wild birds were flying beside each other in the dark sky.

4.) A very big ocean liner sailed into the harbor yesterday.

5.) A spirit of unity came out among the members of the team.

6.) Try to answer on the board each math problem correctly.

7.) One should accept defeat with dignity and victory with humility.

8.) Doggy was accidentally locked inside his dog house.

9.) He faced the battle with great strength because of his army.

10.) The King's rule lasted throughout five generations.



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~end of lesson~

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