Review: You've learned that a Clause is a group of words which contains a subject and a predicate. It is usually considered a part of a sentence; but when it is capable of standing alone, it is equivalent to a simple sentence.
Now you will learn the 5th kind of clause which is again another subtype of dependent clause: the Adverb Clause. Therefore, an adverb clause cannot stand on its own and is not considered a simple sentence.
A dependent clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb is called an Adverb Clause. Adverb Clauses usually answer the questions where, when, how, why, to what extent, or under what condition.
- She came WHEN I CALLED. ( The clause modifies the verb CAME.)
- Justin is as reliable AS HIS DAD IS. ( The clause modifies the adjective RELIABLE.)
- Jessie worked faster THAN RAUL DID. ( The clause modifies the adverb FASTER.)
Adverb Clauses are introduced by subordinating conjunctions:
- as if
- as much as
- as long as
- as soon as
(Some of these words may be used as other parts of speech.)
Introductory adverb clauses are set off by commas. Adverb clauses at the end of a sentence do not usually require commas.
An Introductory Adverb Clause:
- Although he didn't prepare for the interview, he passed the screening.
Adverb Clause at the end of the end of a sentence:
- Justin will not go unless Rita goes.
~end of lesson~