Thursday, January 15, 2009

Lesson 50: Adverb Clause

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Review: You've learned that a Clause is a group of words which contains a subject and a predicate. It is usually considered a part of a sentence; but when it is capable of standing alone, it is equivalent to a simple sentence.

Now you will learn the 5th kind of clause which is again another subtype of dependent clause: the Adverb Clause. Therefore, an adverb clause cannot stand on its own and is not considered a simple sentence.



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A dependent clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb is called an Adverb Clause. Adverb Clauses usually answer the questions where, when, how, why, to what extent, or under what condition.

  • She came WHEN I CALLED. ( The clause modifies the verb CAME.)
  • Justin is as reliable AS HIS DAD IS. ( The clause modifies the adjective RELIABLE.)
  • Jessie worked faster THAN RAUL DID. ( The clause modifies the adverb FASTER.)

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Adverb Clauses are introduced by subordinating conjunctions:

  • after
  • although
  • as
  • as if
  • as much as
  • as long as
  • as soon as
  • unless
  • until
  • when
  • whenever
  • wherever
  • while.

(Some of these words may be used as other parts of speech.)


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Introductory adverb clauses are set off by commas. Adverb clauses at the end of a sentence do not usually require commas.


An Introductory Adverb Clause:
  • Although he didn't prepare for the interview, he passed the screening.

Adverb Clause at the end of the end of a sentence:
  • Justin will not go unless Rita goes.


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~end of lesson~

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